What is a coilover suspension? All you need to know

Coilovers are a type of suspension system that combines a coil spring and shock absorber into one unit, providing better handling and control for vehicles. In automotive engineering, coilovers integrate the spring and shock absorber into one unit, delivering improved handling and control for vehicles.

With their combined design, coilovers offer adjustable ride height, damping, and spring rates, making them a popular choice for performance and racing enthusiasts. By allowing drivers to customize their suspension setup, coilovers can enhance cornering abilities, reduce body roll, and optimize traction.

They are commonly used in sports cars, track cars, and modified street vehicles to improve overall suspension performance and deliver a more thrilling driving experience.

What is a coilover suspension? All you need to know

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What Are Coilovers?

Coilovers are a suspension component that combines a coil spring and shock absorber into one unit, allowing for adjustable ride height and damping settings. They offer improved handling, cornering, and overall performance for vehicles.

Coilovers are a popular suspension upgrade for vehicles, capable of enhancing both performance and aesthetics. This guide will provide you with a clear understanding of what coilovers are and how they can benefit your vehicle.

What Do Coilovers Consist Of?

Coilovers are composed of several key components. These include:

  • Spring: The coil spring, as the name suggests, plays a crucial role in the operation of the coilover. It supports the weight of the vehicle and provides the necessary suspension travel.
  • Shock Absorber: Found within the coilover assembly, the shock absorber is responsible for controlling the movement of the suspension. It effectively dampens oscillations caused by bumps and uneven road surfaces.
  • Adjustable Perch: The coilover’s adjustable perch allows for changes in ride height. By adjusting the perch, you can lower or raise your vehicle according to your preferences.
  • Top Mount: The top mount, or the upper spring seat, connects the coilover assembly to the vehicle’s chassis. It offers additional support and serves as a point of attachment for the suspension system.

How Do Coilovers Work?

Coilovers work by combining a coil spring and shock absorber into a single unit. The coil spring absorbs the impact of bumps and road irregularities, while the shock absorber ensures the suspension returns to its normal state quickly. The adjustable perch allows for customization of the ride height, enabling you to fine-tune the handling and appearance of your vehicle.

Benefits Of Using Coilovers

Coilovers provide several benefits, making them a popular choice for automotive enthusiasts. Here are some advantages of using coilovers:

  • Improved Handling: Coilovers offer enhanced handling characteristics by reducing body roll, improving traction, and increasing responsiveness. This leads to precise handling and increased confidence behind the wheel.
  • Adjustability: Coilovers allow for adjustable ride height, giving you the flexibility to find the perfect balance between aesthetics and performance. You can lower your vehicle for a more aggressive look or raise it to tackle rough terrains.
  • Customization: With coilovers, you have the ability to fine-tune your suspension system. Adjusting settings such as damping stiffness and rebound can cater to various driving conditions and personal preferences.
  • Durability: Coilovers are designed with high-quality materials and undergo rigorous testing to ensure durability and longevity. They can withstand the demands of aggressive driving and varying road conditions.

By understanding what coilovers are and the benefits they offer, you can make an informed decision on whether they are the right suspension upgrade for your vehicle. With their ability to enhance both performance and aesthetics, coilovers are a fantastic option for those seeking improved handling and customization options.

So, why not take your driving experience to the next level with coilovers?

How Do Coilovers Work?

Coilovers, also known as coil spring-over shock absorbers, are suspension components that combine a coil spring and shock absorber into one unit. They work by providing adjustable spring preload and damping settings, allowing drivers to customize their vehicle’s handling and ride comfort.

A suspension system is a crucial component of any vehicle. It ensures a smooth and comfortable ride by absorbing the shocks and bumps encountered on the road. Coilovers are popular suspension upgrades that offer excellent control and adjustability. But how do coilovers work?

Let’s explore their mechanics and functionality in detail:

Coil Springs And Dampers:

  • Coilovers consist of two primary components: Coil springs and dampers.
  • Coil springs support the weight of the vehicle by compressing and rebounding as the wheels encounter uneven surfaces.
  • Dampers, also known as shock absorbers, control the oscillation of the springs, ensuring optimal tire contact with the road.

Height Adjustment:

  • One of the key features of coilovers is their ability to adjust the height of the vehicle.
  • The coil spring perch, located on the threaded body of the coilover, can be moved up or down to change the ride height.
  • By altering the amount of thread exposed, the vehicle’s center of gravity can be modified, subsequently enhancing handling and aesthetics.

Spring Rate Adjustment:

  • Coilover systems allow for fine-tuning the spring rate, which impacts the firmness of the suspension.
  • Adjusting the spring rate involves changing the tension of the coil springs.
  • Stiffer springs offer greater stability and reduced body roll, ideal for high-performance driving.
  • Softer springs, on the other hand, provide a more comfortable ride for daily commuting.

Damping Adjustability:

  • Damping adjustment is another significant advantage of coilovers.
  • Dampers have adjustable settings that control the rate at which the springs compress and rebound.
  • This adjustability allows drivers to tailor the suspension to suit their driving style and road conditions.
  • Firmer damping provides better control and responsiveness, while softer damping offers a smoother ride.

Benefits Of Coilovers:

  • Coilovers offer several benefits compared to stock suspension systems:
  • Improved handling: The ability to adjust ride height, spring rate, and damping allows for precise control and enhanced cornering performance.
  • Customizability: Coilovers provide the flexibility to fine-tune the suspension to meet specific driving preferences and conditions.
  • Enhanced aesthetics: Adjusting the ride height can give a vehicle a sportier and more aggressive stance.
  • Increased durability: Coilovers are typically built with high-quality materials, ensuring longevity and reliability.

In Summary:

Coilovers are advanced suspension systems that combine adjustable ride height, spring rate, and damping capabilities. They improve handling, customizability, aesthetics, and durability. With the ability to fine-tune the suspension to match individual preferences, coilovers offer an improved driving experience and heightened control.

So, if you’re looking to elevate your vehicle’s performance and comfort, coilovers may be the perfect suspension upgrade for you.

Difference Between A Coilover And A Strut

Coilovers and struts differ in their suspension setups, with coilovers incorporating both a shock absorber and a coil spring, while struts combine a shock absorber and a structural support in one unit. Unlike struts, coilovers allow for adjustable ride height and damping, offering greater customization for performance-oriented applications.

Coilovers and struts are two common components found in a vehicle’s suspension system. While they both play a crucial role in providing a smooth and comfortable ride, there are fundamental differences between the two. Let’s take a closer look at what sets a coilover apart from a strut.


A coilover is a suspension setup that combines a coil spring and a shock absorber into a single unit. This compact design allows for precise adjustments, making coilovers highly popular among performance enthusiasts. Here are the main characteristics of a coilover:

  • Adjustability: A key advantage of coilovers is their adjustability. By altering the ride height, damping settings, and spring rate, drivers can customize their vehicle’s performance and handling to suit their preferences.
  • Improved Handling: Coilovers provide superior handling capabilities compared to traditional suspension setups. The ability to fine-tune the suspension allows for better control and responsiveness on the road or track.
  • Enhanced Stability: With their ability to distribute weight evenly and maintain consistent tire contact with the road, coilovers offer improved stability during cornering and braking.


A strut, also known as a MacPherson strut, is a suspension component commonly found in modern vehicles. It combines a shock absorber and a structural support system, offering a more compact and cost-effective design. Here are the key features of a strut:

  • Simplicity: A strut simplifies the suspension system by eliminating the need for separate coil springs and shock absorbers. This makes it a more straightforward and less time-consuming solution for vehicle manufacturers.
  • Space Efficiency: Since a strut combines multiple components into one unit, it saves space under the hood or in the wheel well. This benefit is especially crucial in compact vehicles where space is limited.
  • Ease of Maintenance: Struts are generally easier to maintain compared to coilovers. When it comes time for repairs or replacements, a strut assembly can be quickly and conveniently swapped out without the need for special tools or extensive adjustments.

While a coilover and a strut both serve important functions in a vehicle’s suspension system, their designs, adjustability, and performance characteristics set them apart. Coilovers offer enhanced adjustability, handling, and stability, making them a popular choice among performance-oriented drivers. On the other hand, struts provide simplicity, space efficiency, and ease of maintenance, making them commonly seen in mainstream vehicles.

Understanding the distinctions between these two components can help drivers make informed decisions when it comes to improving their vehicle’s suspension.

Pros And Cons Of Coilovers

Coilovers offer improved suspension performance and adjustability for car enthusiasts. However, they can be expensive and require professional installation for optimal setup. Finding the right balance between comfort and performance is crucial when considering coilovers for your vehicle.

Are you considering upgrading the suspension system of your vehicle? Coilovers might just be what you’re looking for. Coilovers, a combination of coil springs and shock absorbers, offer several advantages and disadvantages that you should consider. Let’s dive into the pros and cons of coilovers.

Pros Of Coilovers:

  • Enhanced Performance: Coilovers provide improved handling and stability, allowing for better control during turns and corners.
  • Adjustable Ride Height: One of the significant advantages of coilovers is their ability to adjust the ride height of your vehicle. This feature allows you to achieve a perfect balance between aesthetics and practicality.
  • Customizable Suspension: With coilovers, you have the flexibility to fine-tune your suspension to suit your driving style and preferences. By adjusting the damping and compression settings, you can enjoy a tailored driving experience.

Cons Of Coilovers:

  • Higher Cost: Compared to other suspension systems, coilovers generally come with a higher price tag. However, the cost is justified by the performance and adjustability they offer.
  • Stiffer Ride: Coilovers tend to provide a firmer ride compared to stock suspensions. While this may be preferred by some drivers seeking better road feedback, it might not be ideal for those looking for a comfortable and smooth ride.
  • Increased Maintenance: Coilovers require more regular maintenance compared to stock suspensions. As adjustable components, they may need periodic readjustment or replacement of worn-out parts.

Coilovers offer performance-enhancing benefits, including improved handling, adjustable ride height, and customizable suspension. However, they come at a higher cost, provide a stiffer ride, and require increased maintenance. Consider these pros and cons to determine if coilovers are the right choice for your vehicle and driving preferences.

Frequently Asked Questions On What Are Coilovers

What Does Coilovers Do To Your Car?

Coilovers improve your car’s handling, providing better suspension, control, and a smoother ride.

Are Coilovers Better Than Shocks?

Coilovers are often better than shocks because they provide adjustable height and damping for improved performance and comfort.

Do Coilovers Give A Better Ride?

Coilovers can provide a better ride due to their adjustable suspension settings and improved handling characteristics.

What Is So Good About Coilovers?

Coilovers provide precise suspension adjustment, improving handling, cornering, and overall performance of your vehicle.


To sum up, coilovers are an essential component for enhancing a vehicle’s performance and handling. Offering adjustable height, dampening, and spring rates, coilovers allow drivers to customize their suspension to suit their driving style and road conditions. With the ability to lower the vehicle’s center of gravity, coilovers can improve stability and reduce body roll, resulting in improved cornering and overall handling.

Moreover, the ability to fine-tune the suspension can also lead to a more comfortable ride by reducing harsh impacts and vibrations. In addition to these performance benefits, coilovers can also give your vehicle a sleek and aggressive stance, adding to its visual appeal.

Whether you’re a track enthusiast or simply seeking a better driving experience on the road, investing in coilovers can take your vehicle’s suspension to the next level. So, don’t hesitate to upgrade your car’s suspension and unlock its full potential with coilovers.

Harrison Leo
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